According to most of the kundalini literature, the rising/movement of the energy is understood as a mechanical process. In rudimentary form, it is said to move through the chakras and remove blockages. It is believed that this happens on its own, and has little to do with the person’s actions, thoughts, or involvement. All we are instructed to do is surrender, and let it do what it’s doing.
This understanding (or lack of understanding) leads a lot of people into intense and painful kundalini syndrome, without any apparent solutions. In a broader, more comprehensive (holistic, if you will) understanding, the movement of kundalini through the chakras is a symbolic representation of a psycho-spiritual process (the dissolution of ego).
As the energy moves from chakra to chakra it releases emotions, beliefs, trauma, wounds, memories etc. We experience all kinds of triggers and symptoms that seem almost random. This is often where people go searching for symptom relief. For example, a common advice for throat chakra issues is to sing. Singing is said to release the blockage and allow kundalini to move more freely.
However, if you go to a proper chakra healer, and she finds that a particular chakra is blocked, she will tell you to work on those aspects of your life the chakra represents (fear, worry, sexuality, expression, whatever). In this understanding, a blocked throat chakra would represent a spiritual misalignment with speech. The block relates to something being spoken that is not authentic; the person is saying things he thinks he should, but they aren’t the truth of what he believes and are not in spiritual alignment for him.
One common kundalini symptom reported is the speaking foreign tongues. This is a throat chakra issue. It is a substantial indication that the person is not speaking authentically. It is as if kundalini is saying “hey, pay attention to what’s coming out of your mouth!” Once the person brings his speech into authentic expression the symptom will subside. This is just one of many many examples of how the symptoms are communicating with the person, desperately asking him to come into spiritual alignment.
There is a psycho-spiritual awakening that must happen within the person for the kundalini process to move smoothly. Speech, thought, and action must come into spiritual alignment, into truth. It is this form of awakening that is the transformation of consciousness. It is a transformation of thinking. It is a transmutation of emotions. It involves a new spiritual understanding of the inner and outer worlds. For those with intense, painful, and prolonged kundalini syndrome, this is precisely what is being asked of you. To develop awareness, healing, and actually transform your consciousness. You are being invited to go into the subconscious material and genuinely transform it and clear it out.
There are some people who have very mild kundalini experiences, and for them, there isn’t a need to engage deeply with this process (unless they wish to). The symptoms aren’t debilitating in any sense, so there isn’t anything to do. There are also a category of symptoms which are transcendent in nature, and aren’t painful or unpleasant, and nothing needs to be done in that regard either (unless you wish to use grounding techniques to return to normal consciousness). But for the people with difficult or painful kundalini experiences, this turning inward with awareness and healing is imperative. That is what kundalini is asking of you. It is why she is causing you pain – to get your attention and motivate you to evolve.